Glossary

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Geographic TIFF (Tagged Image File Format)

An extension of TIFF used to transmit geographic information relating to the image (position, orientation, resolution and projection)

Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS)

GEOSS (Global Earth Observation System of Systems) will be deployed between 2005 and 2015 by GEO, the intergovernmental Group for Earth Observation, which numbers 55 nations and 30 international organizations. The purpose of GEOSS is to achieve comprehensive, coordinated and sustained observations of the Earth system, in order to improve monitoring of the state of the Earth, increase understanding of its climate and environment, and enhance prediction of the behaviour of the Earth system, in particular through a system to provide early warning of natural disasters like famines, epidemics and tsunamis.

Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES)

Global Monitoring for Environment and Security